A podiatrist is a health professional who deals with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of medical and surgical conditions of the feet and lower limbs.
The conditions podiatrists treat include those resulting from bone and joint disorders such as arthritis and soft-tissue and muscular pathologies as well as neurological and circulatory diseases. Podiatrists are also able to diagnose and treat any complications of the above which affect the lower limb.
The analysis of the function of human motion is called biomechanics. Podiatrists perform clinical biomechanical evaluation of the lower limb. Specialized equipment, including mechanized treadmills with video and computerized assessment equipment, are used by podiatrists to detect pathomechanical anomalies to ensure appropriate and effective treatment.Common sporting injuries include plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, stress fractures, ankle sprains and shin or knee pain are treated by a podiatrist. This treatment may include specific exercises and the prescription of foot orthopedic insoles, from precise measurements of an individual’s biomechanics.
The podiatrists is trained in the manufacturing techniques for a diversity of shoe inserts. The manufacture of palliative and functional orthopedics insoles aids in the prevention and treatment of pressure lesions or deformities, enabling individuals to maintain a more normal, active lifestyle.